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- Essay on Green Revolution: Its Meaning, Advantages, and Disadvantages
- Impact of Green Revolution
- Green revolution
- 20 Advantages and Disadvantages of the Green Revolution
Essay on Green Revolution: Its Meaning, Advantages, and Disadvantages
When studying the impact of the Green Revolution we have to consider both of its sides: merits and demerits. Merits of the Green Revolution:. Increase in Agricultural Production:. The aim of the Green Revolution was to make India self-sufficient in the field of food grains production.
Non-food grains were excluded from the ambit of the new strategy. There was a remarkable increase in food grains production. But the Green Revolution has been largely confined to Wheat crop neglecting the other crops.
Most of the HYV seeds are related to wheat crop and a major portion of chemical fertilizer are also used in wheat cultivation. Therefore, the Green Revolution can be largely considered as a wheat revolution. The production of wheat increased to million tonnes in from just 11 million tonnes in Increase in Agricultural Productivity of land:.
Green Revolution increased the per hectare yield. Change in Cropping Pattern:. Firstly, the proportion of cereals in the food grains output has increased and the proportion of pulses has declined. Secondly, the proportion of wheat cereals has increased while that of coarse grains has declined. Employment Generation:.
Initially, it was feared that commercial farming would leave a lot of the labour force jobless. Many labourers from poor states migrated to regions where commercial farming was adopted. They not only earn their bread and butter but take back home new ideas and technology.
The Green Revolution created plenty of jobs not only for agricultural workers but also for industrial workers by creating related facilities such as factories, transportation, food processing, marketing, and hydroelectric power stations. Prosperity of Farmers:. With the increase in farm production, the earnings of the farmers also increased and they became prosperous. It enabled them to shift to commercial farming from only sustenance farming.
This change was noted in the case of big farmers having more than 10 hectares of land. Reduction in import of food-grains:. The goal was achieved with a surplus. It resulted in a drastic reduction in their imports. Now India is self-sufficient in food-grains and has sufficient stock in the central pool the stock in case of emergencies.
In some food grains, India is in a position to export food-grains also. Per-Capita Availability of Food:. In spite of the rapid increase in the population in the period, the per capita net availability of food-grains has also increased from grams per day in the early s to the level of grams in Commercialization of Farming:.
Big farmers having more than 10 hectares of land invested a large amount of money in various inputs like HYV seeds, fertilizers, machines, etc. Their objective was to earn more profit by the sale of food grains. This has encouraged capitalistic farming.
Wiser farmers ploughed back their surplus income for improving agricultural productivity. Attitudinal Change in Farmers:. The Indian farmer due to illiteracy, backwardness used conventional methods of cultivation since the early times.
The Green Revolution has brought about a basic change in his attitude towards farming. They started using technology and modern methods of farming. They have shifted their vision to commercial farming from earlier sustenance farming. Industrial Growth:. The Green Revolution has benefited the industrial development.
Many industries producing agriculture, machinery, chemical fertilizers, pesticides, insecticides, etc. Similarly, it created job opportunity in servicing of this machinery. Several agricultural products are used as raw materials in various industries called agro-based industries. Textile, sugar, vanaspati, etc. Thus the input to agro-based industries increased. Demerits of Green Revolution:. Inter-Crop Imbalances:. The area under cultivation of coarse cereals, pulses and oilseeds decreased.
The HYV seeds of coarse cereals, pulses and oilseeds have either not been developed so far at all, or they are not good enough for farmers to risk their adoption.
Thus their cultivation is fast becoming uneconomic and they are often given up in favour of wheat or even rice. Hence an excess of production in two main food-grains wheat and rice and shortages in most others is observed.
Major cash crops like cotton, jute, tea, and sugarcane were not considered during the Green Revolution. Regional Disparities:. Due to the requirement of good irrigation, the first stage of the Green Revolution was focused only on states with better agricultural infra — like Punjab, Haryana and Western Uttar Pradesh in the north and Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu in the south. Thus the Green Revolution affected only those areas which were already better placed from an agricultural point of view.
Thus the problem of regional disparities has further aggravated as a result of the Green Revolution. Formation of Classes in Farmers:. The big farmers having 10 hectares or more land, who are benefited the most from Green Revolution due to availability of the financial resources to purchase farm implements, better seeds, fertilizers and regular supply of irrigated water.
The small and marginal farmers do not have the financial resources to purchase these farm inputs and are deprived of the benefits of Green Revolution Technology. Thus two types of classes were formed among farmers. Previous Topic: The Green Revolution. Next Topic: Improvement in Crop Variety. Your email address will not be published. Close Menu About Us.
Impact of Green Revolution
Green revolution , great increase in production of food grains especially wheat and rice that resulted in large part from the introduction into developing countries of new, high-yielding varieties, beginning in the midth century. Its early dramatic successes were in Mexico and the Indian subcontinent. The new varieties require large amounts of chemical fertilizers and pesticides to produce their high yields, raising concerns about cost and potentially harmful environmental effects. Poor farmers, unable to afford the fertilizers and pesticides, have often reaped even lower yields with these grains than with the older strains, which were better adapted to local conditions and had some resistance to pests and diseases. See also Norman Borlaug.
When studying the impact of the Green Revolution we have to consider both of its sides: merits and demerits. Merits of the Green Revolution:. Increase in Agricultural Production:. The aim of the Green Revolution was to make India self-sufficient in the field of food grains production. Non-food grains were excluded from the ambit of the new strategy.
The result of this information transfer to the agricultural industries resulted in a significant increase in production around the world, with an emphasis on heightened productivity in developing countries. The Green Revolution resulted in the creation of high-yielding crops, with notable improvements in rice and wheat, along with the use of controlled water supplies, chemical fertilizers, and agriculture-based chemicals to enhance the growing process. There were also new methods of cultivation introduced during this time, including mechanization, that superseded the traditional technologies that were used in the past. Today, the Gates Foundation is attempting to make it work in Africa.
What is the Green Revolution? The Green Revolution is the term used to describe the transformation in agricultural practices in many parts of the developing world between and the s. This revolution sought to eradicate famine in many nations and massively increase food production, by effectively ending subsistence agriculture and replacing it with commercial agriculture. The idea was to transplant many of the systems, ideas and technology of Western farming into mainly Asian agriculture, whilst researching and utilising the resources Asian countries had.
Advantages of Green Revolution 1. It allows agricultural operations on a large scale. The Green Revolution has brought farming to a massive scale.
20 Advantages and Disadvantages of the Green Revolution
Most farmers, these days, practice modern farming methods under Green Revolution, which is a movement pushed by the government as an alternative solution to traditional agriculture. Its main goal is to make planting and harvesting more effective and efficient, as well as to eliminate hunger all over the world. It originated from manufacturers in the US when they discovered that it is possible to create a fertilizer from petroleum that can be used on crops—the so-called petrochemical fertilizer.
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The Green Revolution resulted in the creation of high-yielding crops, with notable improvements in rice and wheat, along with the use of controlled water supplies,.
Zakir Ali Rajnish. Green revolution refers to the quantum jump in food grain production following the use of high yielding varieties, fertilizers and pesticides coupled with the expansion of irrigation facility, multiple cropping and use of modern mechanized implements like tractors, threshers, harvesters etc. The Green revolution came on the scene around the middle of the sixties, beginning with Kharif crop of It happened because of certain circumstances like drought conditions, which prevailed during and These were also the years when the seeds of high yielding variety became available.
History has witnessed many revolutions of social and political nature. But Green revolution is a different kind of revolution that happened in the field of agriculture. Green Revoluti on refers to the process where the production of crops increased many-fold. The use of modem science to improve agricultural practices made this possible. Scientist came up new chemical fertilizers, herbicides and pesticides. The fertilizers helped to increase yield of crops by providing more nutrients.
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