Hardware And Software Components Of Computer Network Pdf

hardware and software components of computer network pdf

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Computer networks share common devices, functions, and features including servers, clients, transmission media, shared data, shared printers and other hardware and software resources, network interface card NIC , local operating system LOS , and the network operating system NOS. Servers - Servers are computers that hold shared files, programs, and the network operating system. Servers provide access to network resources to all the users of the network.

Components of Computer Network:- As we know that networking needs some components to work systematically, to make this possible some components come into play to perform a different function and different task according to the requirement of the user and the communication system. To know more about the Components of Computer Network, keep reading this article till the end.

Computer network

A computer network is a group of two or more interconnected computer systems. You can establish a network connection using either cable or wireless media. Every network involves hardware and software that connects computers and tools. Helps you to share printers, scanners, and email. Helps you to share information at very fast speed Electronic communication is more efficient and less expensive than without the network. Computer Network Components Here are essential computer network components: Switches Switches work as a controller which connects computers, printers, and other hardware devices to a network in a campus or a building.

Computer network components include the major parts that are needed to install a network both at the office and home level. Before delving into the installation process, you should be familiar with each part so that you could choose and buy the right component that fits with your network system. These hardware components include cable , Hub , Switch , NIC network interface card , modem and router. Depending on the type of network you are going to install, some of the parts can be eliminated. In this article we will discuss about the main computer network components required to install simple computer network , often called LAN local area network.

Only the very smallest companies can be run without a computer, and once you've got even a handful of computers you'll probably want to network them. A Local Area Network, or LAN, turns individual computers into a shared working environment, in much the same way a shared project turns individual employees into a team. A LAN might include thousands of computers or just a few, but all LANs are made up from the same basic handful of components. For users, a network is all about the software they actually deal with, whether it's a word processor, accounting software or some kind of high-end custom program. Underneath that, making it work, you'll find a network-aware operating system, the drivers that help your computers talk to the networking hardware, and all the specialized code that handles communications between devices. Those are the software components of the network.

What are the Components of Computer Network

There are three primary components to understanding networks: 1. Physical Connections; 2. Network Operating System; and 3. Application Component. The physical components are the network topology and network connecting devices, which include network interface cards NIC , cabling, connections, and all other hardware to connect the computers. The different methods of connecting computers into a network are called topologies.

A computer network is a group of computers that use a set of common communication protocols over digital interconnections for the purpose of sharing resources located on or provided by the network nodes. The interconnections between nodes are formed from a broad spectrum of telecommunication network technologies, based on physically wired, optical, and wireless radio-frequency methods that may be arranged in a variety of network topologies. The nodes of a computer network may include personal computers , servers , networking hardware , or other specialised or general-purpose hosts. They are identified by hostnames and network addresses. Hostnames serve as memorable labels for the nodes, rarely changed after initial assignment. Network addresses serve for locating and identifying the nodes by communication protocols such as the Internet Protocol. Computer networks may be classified by many criteria, for example, the transmission medium used to carry signals, bandwidth , communications protocols to organize network traffic, the network size, the topology, traffic control mechanism, and organizational intent.

Computer network components are the major parts which are needed to install the software. Some important network components are NIC , switch , cable , hub , router , and modem. Depending on the type of network that we need to install, some network components can also be removed. For example, the wireless network does not require a cable. Cables and connectors are used with wired NIC to transfer data. For example, laptop computer contains the wireless NIC. A Hub is a hardware device that divides the network connection among multiple devices.

Computer network

In computer networks, networked computing devices exchange data with each other using a data link. The best-known computer network is the Internet. Network computer devices that originate, route and terminate the data are called network nodes. Two such devices can be said to be networked together when one device is able to exchange information with the other device, whether or not they have a direct connection to each other.

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6 Required Components of a LAN

Computer Network Components

Вопреки отчаянным попыткам подавить охвативший ее страх Сьюзан явственно ощущала, что это чувство завладевает ею безраздельно. Она металась между дверцами кабинок и рукомойниками. Потеряв ориентацию, двигалась, вытянув перед собой руки и пытаясь восстановить в памяти очертания комнаты. Споткнулась о мусорный бачок и едва не наткнулась на кафельную стенку. Ведя рукой по прохладному кафелю, она наконец добралась до двери и нащупала дверную ручку. Дверь отворилась, и Сьюзан вышла в помещение шифровалки.

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Computer Network Components with computer network tutorial, introduction, Modem, Uses Of Computer Network, Hub, Software and Hardware, Security.


Basic computer network components

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Basics of Computer Networking: What is, Advantages, Components, Uses

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