Effect Of Fire On Concrete And Concrete Structures Pdf

effect of fire on concrete and concrete structures pdf

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Fire response of concrete structural members is dependent on the thermal, mechanical, and deformation properties of concrete. These properties vary significantly with temperature and also depend on the composition and characteristics of concrete batch mix as well as heating rate and other environmental conditions. In this chapter, the key characteristics of concrete are outlined.


Price CHF Title: Fire design of concrete structures - materials, structures and modelling. Fire design of concrete structures has emerged in recent years as a high profile subject of great interest to both experts and the public. This has been largely prompted by severe damage to concrete in a number of recent tunnel fires, as well as a considerable amount of research and development that has taken place world-wide. The report presents a general brief outline of the effect of fire on both concrete material and concrete structures, with emphasis placed on the important developments of the past few years, namely: a the increasing use of high strength concrete HSC in buildings, tunnels and bridges; b the growing acceptance of the use of performance based fire engineering calculations for the structural analysis and design against fire; c the problem of, and solutions to, explosive spalling; and d fires in tunnels. This report is not intended to be an exhaustive review of the effect of fire on concrete and concrete structures, nor to present a database of properties at high temperature.

This multidisciplinary research focuses on the effect of fire on structures due to the Boko Haram insurgency in Maiduguri, Northern Nigeria. It is aimed at giving a further contribution to understand the effect of fire with respect to the local aggregates, quenching methods and proposing an assessment methodology based on a suitable analytical procedure applied to reinforced concrete subjected to sustained fire. Cement, river sand, Bama gravel and water in standard proportion in accordance to BS Part were mixed to produce beams, slabs and cubes of different sizes and cured for 28 days. The samples were burnt in a designed fire simulation furnace using sugarcane bagasse as fuel with varying air velocities for 2 hours. Cooling of samples was carried out using water splashing, CO 2 powder fire extinguisher and air cooling methods before the compressive strength tests using a Seidner Compressive Testing Machine and Non-destructive test with Rebound Hammer. The scanning electron microscopy tests were carried out using a Phenom ProX scanning electron microscope for imaging and analysis to physically examine and determine the elemental micro structural redistribution and influence on the tested samples. The results of the investigations show that different cooling methods induce varying levels of deteriorating and significant effects on the final internal micro-structures as well as physical, mechanical and thermal characteristics of concrete.

Microstructure of concrete subjected to elevated temperatures: physico-chemical changes and analysis techniques. Fernandes a. Gil b. Bolina b. Tutikian b. The exposure of concrete to high temperatures, such as in a fire, leads to physical and chemical changes, which may cause deterioration of mechanical properties, cracking and spalling. This paper presents a critical review of microstructural changes in concrete exposed to high temperature.

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Authors: S. Iffat , B. Keywords: Concrete , Density , temperature , Fire , compressive strength , spalling. Commenced in January Frequency: Monthly. Edition: International.

Fire Induced Spalling in High Strength Concrete Beams

A macroscopic finite element model is extended to account for fire induced spalling in high strength concrete HSC beams. The model is based on the principles of mechanics and thermodynamics and utilizes pore pressure calculations to predict fire induced spalling in concrete. For validating the model, spalling measurements were made by conducting fire resistance experiments on four normal strength and high strength concrete beams. Spalling predictions from the model are compared with the measured values of spalling at various stages of fire exposure. The validated model is applied to investigate the influence of fire scenario, concrete strength permeability and axial restraint on the fire induced spalling and fire response of RC beams.

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Properties of Concrete at Elevated Temperatures

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