List Of Coordinators And Subordinators Pdf

list of coordinators and subordinators pdf

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For: expresses a relationship of effect-cause. The idea in the first sentence is the effect.

Conjunctions are an easy enough thing to understand for most people. When something is conjoined, it is joined together. Conjunctions work in much the same way, by joining two ideas together in a sentence.

CO-ORDINATION AND SUBORDINATION IN ENGLISH AND TAMIL IN THE LIGHT OF TRANSFER GRAMMAR

Conjunctions are an easy enough thing to understand for most people. When something is conjoined, it is joined together. Conjunctions work in much the same way, by joining two ideas together in a sentence.

But when you start splitting conjunctions into more specific categories, people may start to become confused by the functions of each individual one.

In English grammar, there are two types of clause, the dependent clause and the independent clause and when a sentence requires the linking of the two, a subordinating conjunction is required. This is a very important part of English grammar which is essential to anyone studying the language.

In this section, we are going to be looking at the subordinate conjunction and how it is used within a sentence. You will learn how a subordinate clause can show a cause and effect relationship between two clauses and be more confident in forming these types of sentences.

A subordinating conjunction is a word which joins together a dependent clause and an independent clause. A subordinating conjunction introduces a dependent clause and indicates the nature of the relationship among the dependent clause s and the independent clause s. NOTE: What is an independent clause? It is a unit which contains a subject and a verb. There are actually 7 main categories of subordinating conjunctions based on the way in which they connect the independent and dependent clauses together.

Each type of subordinating conjunction shows a different relationship between the independent and dependent clauses. Take a look at some examples below. These words or phrases link the dependent and independent clauses by conceding a point between them:. These connect the dependent and independent clauses by showing that the main idea relies on the supporting information:.

These words or phrases show how something is done. The subordinating conjunction is the additional information explaining how something is done:. These subordinating conjunctions provide a reason or an explanation as to why something happened:.

As you can see from all of the examples that we have used above, some are punctuated slightly differently. This all depends on the position of the subordinating conjunction within the sentence, and whether or not the additional information within the subordinating clause is important or if it could be omitted entirely or placed in parentheses.

Much of this comes down to the writers opinion, but there are rules surrounding commas and subordinating conjunctions that always remain true. As you already know, a subordinating or dependent clause is the part of the sentence that simple does not make sense without the main clause. In the examples above you have been able to see that sometimes the subordinating clause comes before the main clause, and sometimes it comes after. Whether or not you include a comma largely depends on whether the subordinating clause comes before or after the main clause:.

You could, however, write the sentence in a different order, and then a comma would be necessary. So, now you know everything about subordinating conjunctions, what exactly is the difference between a subordinating and coordinating conjunction? The main difference is that coordinating conjunctions join two clauses together of equal importance. The ideas may be connected, so a coordinating conjunction is required, but they are two independent or main clauses that are being joined together.

In other words, both clauses could be written as separate sentences without the coordinating conjunction if the writer preferred. Subordinating conjunctions, on the other hand, join an independent clause and a dependent clause together, so both clauses are not of equal importance. That is to say, the dependent clause only serves to add additional information to the independent clause, and can not be written as a sentence on its own.

In English, there are lots of subordinating conjunctions, but the most common ones, along with a few examples of how subordinating conjunctions are used, are as follows:. He is cleverer than I am. I chose to learn German rather than French.

She was uncertain whether to stay or leave. Elliot is tall and blond, whereas his brother is short and has dark hair. A baby deer can stand as soon as it is born. You can use my car as long as you drive carefully. He always feeds the dogs before he goes to school. By the time ambulancemen arrived, he was unconscious.

You can go and play now that you have finished your homework. James lived with his parents till he was twenty — five. You can stay on the bus until you reach London. Whenever we go abroad, we take as many pictures as possible. While I was walking to the market, I met Jenny. Although the kitchen is small, it is well designed. Only if a teacher has given permission is a student allowed to leave the room.

I was allowed to go off by myself provided that I promised to be careful. I hope to go to college next year, assuming that I pass my exams. Even if you have already bought your ticket, you will still need to wait in line.

I have my umbrella with me in case it rains. At sunset, the sun looks as if it is going down. Do exercises in order that your health may improve. We played chess all evening as we had nothing better to do. She went to the school that my father went to. I copied in my notebook whatever he wrote on the blackboard. He developed the films which he had taken. Mary will eat chocolate cake or donut, whichever is delicious. The person who made the mess needs to clean it.

Whoever leaves last should turn off the light. He was free to marry whomever he chose. Learn more about the useful difference between subordinating conjunction words and transition words in English. Prev Article Next Article. Table of Contents. Subordinating Conjunctions List In English, there are lots of subordinating conjunctions, but the most common ones, along with a few examples of how subordinating conjunctions are used, are as follows: Comparison Than E.

Rather than E. Whether E. As much as E. Whereas E. Time After E. As soon as E. As long as E. Before E. By the time E. Now that E.

Once E. Once you learn it, you never forget. Since E. Mary has danced since she was five. Till E. Until E. When E. Whenever E. While E. Concession Though E. Though it was raining, she went out. Although E. Even though E. Place Where E. This is the park where we played. Wherever E. Condition If E. If you leave, I will be lonely. Only if E. Unless E.

Provided that E. Assuming that E.

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Read the following short paragraphs and follow the directions below them. Both Hunk and Rabbit are star quarterbacks. They both play for the Middleton Marvels and both have been invaluable players. Hunk is fast and strong, and Rabbit is too. Circle the joining words and list them here:. Both Hunk and Rabbit are star quarterbacks, but they have different strengths. Hunk has had more experience in pro football, but Rabbit is young and learns quickly.


Connecting ideas using coordinators, subordinators, and transitions The full PDF (with exercises) can be downloaded from This list is far from complete.


Subordinating Conjunctions: Ultimate List and Great Examples

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Connectors show the relationship between the ideas in two clauses. There are 3 kinds of connectors that we use to join clauses in sentences. They are coordinators , subordinators , and conjunctive adverbs. Coordinators are used to join two independent clauses.

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Subordinating Conjunction Definition. List of Subordinating Conjunctions A WHITE BUS What follows is a list of common subordinating conjunctions used in the English language: after although as as if as long as as much as as soon as as though because before even even if even though if if only if when if then inasmuch in order that just as lest now now since now that now when once provided provided that rather than since so that supposing When! They join words, phrases, or clauses together to clarify what the writer is saying.

Стратмор шагнул вперед, нащупывая ногой место, где начинались ступеньки узенькой лестницы. Переложив берет-ту в левую руку, правой он взялся за перила. Он прекрасно знал, что левой рукой стрелял так же плохо, как и правой, к тому же правая рука была ему нужна, чтобы поддерживать равновесие. Грохнуться с этой лестницы означало до конца дней остаться калекой, а его представления о жизни на пенсии никак не увязывались с инвалидным креслом.

Ведь он был пацифистом и не стремился к разрушению. Он лишь хотел, чтобы восторжествовала правда. Это касалось ТРАНСТЕКСТА.

В сердцах он швырнул трубку на рычаг. - Черт! - Фонтейн снова схватил трубку и набрал номер мобильника Стратмора. На этот раз послышались длинные гудки. Фонтейн насчитал уже шесть гудков. Бринкерхофф и Мидж смотрели, как он нервно шагает по комнате, волоча за собой телефонный провод.

The difference between coordinators and subordinators? | The Grammar Exchange

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GROUP 2: Coordinators (“fancy FANBOYS” or adverbial conjunctions). These words are found between independent clauses and require a semi-colon in front​.

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