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- Strong form and weak form in English conversation
- The strong/weak syllable distinction in English.
- Strong & Weak Forms
Strong form and weak form in English conversation
English is a stress-time language which means that some words are stressed and others are not when speaking. Generally, content words such as nouns and principal verbs are stressed, while structure words such as articles, helping verbs, etc. A number of structure words have both weak and strong pronunciation. As a rule, the structure will take the weak pronunciation which means that the vowel becomes muted. For example, take a look at these sentences:. Here are these two sentences with accented words in italics.
Using proper strong form and weak form can help you to speak English more fluently. As a rule, the weak form turns the vowel to be muted. For example, take a look at these sentences:. The weak form is usually used in everyday English conversation , especially when speaking fast. But there are many situations you have to speak in strong form for the followings:. The words that have two syllables or more will have the strong pronunciation and weak pronunciation. Hope that you have understood the use of strong form and weak form in English through this simple lesson.
A teacher has to give due attention to it along with everything else. Pronunciation is not based on spelling. Language is primarily an oral phenomenon and in many respects but not in every respect the written form can be considered as a kind of representation of the spoken. Ideally the spelling system should closely reflect pronunciation and in many language that indeed is the case. But unfortunately this is not the case in English, the nature of the problem is twofold.
The strong/weak syllable distinction in English.
Grammatical words are words that help us construct the sentence but they don't mean anything: articles, prepositions, conjunctions, auxiliary verbs, etc. These words have no stress, and so they are weakened. That weakened form is called "weak form" as opposed to a "strong form", which is the full form of the word pronounced with stress. The strong form only happens when we pronounce the words alone, or when we emphasize them. Weak forms are very often pronounced with a schwa, and so are very weak and sometimes a bit difficult to hear properly.
Strong & Weak Forms
Strong and weak syllables in English can be distinguished on the basis of vowel quality, of stress, or of both factors. Critical for deciding between these factors are syllables containing unstressed unreduced vowels, such as the first syllable of automata. In this study 12 speakers produced sentences containing matched sets of words with initial vowels ranging from stressed to reduced, at normal and at fast speech rates. Measurements of the duration, intensity, F0, and spectral characteristics of the word-initial vowels showed that unstressed unreduced vowels differed significantly from both stressed and reduced vowels. This result held true across speaker sex and dialect.
Потребление энергии на среднем уровне. Последний шифр, введенный в ТРАНСТЕКСТ… - Она замолчала. - Что. - Забавно, - сказала .