Strong And Weak Forms In Phonetics Pdf

strong and weak forms in phonetics pdf

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Strong form and weak form in English conversation

English is a stress-time language which means that some words are stressed and others are not when speaking. Generally, content words such as nouns and principal verbs are stressed, while structure words such as articles, helping verbs, etc. A number of structure words have both weak and strong pronunciation. As a rule, the structure will take the weak pronunciation which means that the vowel becomes muted. For example, take a look at these sentences:. Here are these two sentences with accented words in italics.

Using proper strong form and weak form can help you to speak English more fluently. As a rule, the weak form turns the vowel to be muted. For example, take a look at these sentences:. The weak form is usually used in everyday English conversation , especially when speaking fast. But there are many situations you have to speak in strong form for the followings:. The words that have two syllables or more will have the strong pronunciation and weak pronunciation. Hope that you have understood the use of strong form and weak form in English through this simple lesson.

A teacher has to give due attention to it along with everything else. Pronunciation is not based on spelling. Language is primarily an oral phenomenon and in many respects but not in every respect the written form can be considered as a kind of representation of the spoken. Ideally the spelling system should closely reflect pronunciation and in many language that indeed is the case. But unfortunately this is not the case in English, the nature of the problem is twofold.

The strong/weak syllable distinction in English.

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Grammatical words are words that help us construct the sentence but they don't mean anything: articles, prepositions, conjunctions, auxiliary verbs, etc. These words have no stress, and so they are weakened. That weakened form is called "weak form" as opposed to a "strong form", which is the full form of the word pronounced with stress. The strong form only happens when we pronounce the words alone, or when we emphasize them. Weak forms are very often pronounced with a schwa, and so are very weak and sometimes a bit difficult to hear properly.

Show full item record. JavaScript is disabled for your browser. Some features of this site may not work without it. Date: Abstract: This study is conducted to investigate the ability of master degree student to process some aspects of connected speech by identifying the sounds of functional words through listening to the sentences and say either strong or weak form while listening to the natural speech of native speakers in English language. The test and interview have revealed that the master degree students at University of Sudan for Science and Technology seem to have some problems of perceiving in listening to strong and weak forms as a result of learning because they focus in studying such forms on the productive level rather than on the perceptive one. Furthermore, these forms are seldom used in the speech of teachers and the students, lack of awareness and training.

Strong & Weak Forms

Strong and weak syllables in English can be distinguished on the basis of vowel quality, of stress, or of both factors. Critical for deciding between these factors are syllables containing unstressed unreduced vowels, such as the first syllable of automata. In this study 12 speakers produced sentences containing matched sets of words with initial vowels ranging from stressed to reduced, at normal and at fast speech rates. Measurements of the duration, intensity, F0, and spectral characteristics of the word-initial vowels showed that unstressed unreduced vowels differed significantly from both stressed and reduced vowels. This result held true across speaker sex and dialect.


Потребление энергии на среднем уровне. Последний шифр, введенный в ТРАНСТЕКСТ… - Она замолчала. - Что. - Забавно, - сказала .

The strong/weak syllable distinction in English

Наверное, Испания напомнила мне о том, что по-настоящему важно. - Помогать вскрывать шифры? - Она чмокнула его в щеку.  - Как бы там ни было, ты поможешь мне с моей рукописью.


 Коммандер, - вмешалась Сьюзан, - я хотела бы поговорить… Стратмор жестом заставил ее замолчать. Глаза его неотрывно смотрели на Чатрукьяна. - В него попал зараженный файл, сэр. Я абсолютно в этом уверен.

Strong and Weak Forms

Извините, что пришлось вас разбудить. Почему я звоню.


Stephanie K.


This weeks blog post is about strong forms and weak forms of words and how they help to make the language we speak more intelligible.

Wolfgang W.


a) strong forms: / / and / /. The strong form is used exclusively in the context of quotation and receives stress in this context: You say [ ] before a.

Juliane S.


Abstract: As teachers of English Phonetics and Phonology we have perceived production of weak and strong forms using a listening and a speaking test after.

Vero P.


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