File Name: polarized light in optics and spectroscopy .zip
- Imaging of superficial tissues with polarized light
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- Controllable optical activity with non-chiral plasmonic metasurfaces
Imaging of superficial tissues with polarized light
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Optical rotation , also known as polarization rotation or circular birefringence , is the rotation of the orientation of the plane of polarization about the optical axis of linearly polarized light as it travels through certain materials. Circular birefringence and circular dichroism are the manifestations of optical activity. Optical activity occurs only in chiral materials, those lacking microscopic mirror symmetry. Unlike other sources of birefringence which alter a beam's state of polarization, optical activity can be observed in fluids. This can include gases or solutions of chiral molecules such as sugars, molecules with helical secondary structure such as some proteins, and also chiral liquid crystals.
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Light , electromagnetic radiation that can be detected by the human eye. Within that broad spectrum the wavelengths visible to humans occupy a very narrow band, from about nanometres nm; billionths of a metre for red light down to about nm for violet light. The spectral regions adjacent to the visible band are often referred to as light also, infrared at the one end and ultraviolet at the other. The speed of light in a vacuum is a fundamental physical constant , the currently accepted value of which is exactly ,, metres per second, or about , miles per second. The physicist is interested in the physical properties of light, the artist in an aesthetic appreciation of the visual world. Through the sense of sight, light is a primary tool for perceiving the world and communicating within it.
Optics is the branch of physics that studies the behaviour and properties of light , including its interactions with matter and the construction of instruments that use or detect it. Because light is an electromagnetic wave , other forms of electromagnetic radiation such as X-rays , microwaves , and radio waves exhibit similar properties. Most optical phenomena can be accounted for by using the classical electromagnetic description of light. Complete electromagnetic descriptions of light are, however, often difficult to apply in practice. Practical optics is usually done using simplified models. The most common of these, geometric optics , treats light as a collection of rays that travel in straight lines and bend when they pass through or reflect from surfaces.
Sections deal with phenomena such as the surface cleaning of metals by laser and optical interference induced oscillations in the absorption. It will be appreciated.
Controllable optical activity with non-chiral plasmonic metasurfaces
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Впервые с детских лет Беккер начал молиться. Он молился не об избавлении от смерти - в чудеса он не верил; он молился о том, чтобы женщина, от которой был так далеко, нашла в себе силы, чтобы ни на мгновение не усомнилась в его любви. Он закрыл глаза, и воспоминания хлынули бурным потоком.
Беккер все еще не мог прийти в себя от всего, что услышал. - Может, там был кто-нибудь. - Нет. Только мы трое.
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Но сейчас только без четверти. Двухцветный посмотрел на часы Беккера. Его лицо казалось растерянным.