File Name: 2017 pool and spa operator handbook .zip
- Virginia Graeme Baker Pool and Spa Safety Act
- Certified Pool-Spa Operator Handbook: 9780975394809
- Virginia Graeme Baker Pool and Spa Safety Act; Incorporation by Reference of Successor Standard
It is incorporated as Title 14 of the U.
This comprehensive training program covers skills such as pool and spa chemistry, testing, treatment, filtration, maintenance, and automatic feeding equipment. It also addresses state and county codes and other governmental requirements. Participants must pass an examination given at the end of the training to receive their certification, which is valid for a period of five years. This handbook is a valuable resource and reference book for both the novice and the professional who must trouble shoot on a broad spectrum of functional problems. All CPO courses and recertification courses are being offered live on campus or via a concurrent live webinar.
Virginia Graeme Baker Pool and Spa Safety Act
It is incorporated as Title 14 of the U. This act became enforceable law on December 19, The goals of the VGBA were to enhance the safety of public and private pools and spas, to reduce child drownings, to reduce the number of suction entrapment incidents, injuries and deaths; and to educate the public on the importance of constant supervision of children in and around water.
Virginia Graeme Baker was a seven-year-old girl who drowned when she was trapped underwater by the powerful suction of a hot tub drain.
She was simply called "Graeme" and was the second youngest of five daughters including a twin. She was a proficient swimmer for her age and had been able to swim on her own since the age of three. Additionally, she was a member of her community swim and dive team. In June , Graeme was stuck to a hot tub drain by suction.
Efforts by her mother to free her were unsuccessful and when two men eventually were able to free her postmortem , the drain broke from the force. Although Graeme drowned, her official cause of death was " suction entrapment due to a faulty drain cover". Following Graeme's death in June , her mother, Nancy Baker, began work to advocate pool and spa safety. She began lobbying Congress to pass legislation to require anti-entrapment drain covers as well as other pool and spa safety devices.
Abigail Rose Taylor May 24, — March 20,  was a young girl from Edina, Minnesota , whose accidental injury and eventual death led to federal legislation to improve the safety of swimming pools. Louis Park, Minnesota. Abigail accidentally fell on the open drain of the pool and her buttocks were sucked into the aperture. The suction dislodged a large section of her small intestine , which was forcefully drawn out through the anus, a phenomenon known as transanal evisceration.
Abigail lost 6. Abigail was hospitalized and received a rare triple organ transplant to replace her small intestine , liver , and pancreas , all of which were damaged in the accident. She was unable to eat or drink, and she required total parenteral nutrition.
Abigail died nine months after the accident because of a transplant-related cancer. The incident was similar to a incident in North Carolina involving Valerie Lakey. The pool drains in question in both the Taylor and the Lakey cases were manufactured by Sta-Rite, a division of Minnesota -based Pentair. Such incidents included entrapment of hair, body, limb, evisceration or disembowelment and mechanical entrapment of jewelry or bathing suits.
From to for all age categories records were examined. In , for all age categories, there were 74 reports of circulation entrapments. Individuals in the 5- to 9-year-old category had the highest frequency of entrapment reports.
Between January and March , there were confirmed, recorded suction entrapment incidences, according to Consumer Product Safety Commission records. Of the incidences, 36 resulted in deaths. An additional children under the age of 15 were injured.
A drain is defined as plumbing fitting installed on the suction side of a pump in a pool, spa or hot tub. Drains are now required to be "unblockable.
Four main ways of keeping a drain from being blockable are outlined as: large aspect covers, long channels, large outlet grates and circulation designs that do not include fully submerged suction outlets. In the United States, if a pool or spa does not employ an unblockable drain, it must include, at a minimum, one of the following safety systems: a safety vacuum release system SVRS as defined in "definitions,' a suction limiting vent system with a tamper resistant atmospheric opening, a gravity drainage system that utilizes a collector tank, an automatic pump shut-off system, a device or system that disables the drain or any other system certified by the consumer product safety commission.
The following definitions are directly quoted out of EISA :. There is a federal requirement for public pools that preempts the state or local law, as of December 19, , and further regulations are in addition to it:. All public pools and spas that have a single drain other than an unblockable drain must employ one or more additional options.
The definition of un-blockable drain in the Act is a "drain sump of any size or shape that a human body cannot sufficiently block to create a suction entrapment issue. The VGBA requires all drain covers to either be manufactured products or to be field fabricated outlets", in each case meeting the specific technical requirements of the act and having the necessary certification.
The PSSA requires a safe and secure connection between the cover and sump. A new, compliant cover that fits securely into a pre-existing sump is accepted under certain conditions. These are used in conjunction with an approved main drain cover and skimmer. SVRS are a type of device that are tested to respond to a full vacuum, stopping and releasing a vacuum within 4. Imprisonment is also allowed for this offense, however sentencing term guidelines are not outlined.
Criminal and civil penalties could also ensue if any person knowingly does not report the practice of another manufacturing, selling, distributing or importing a noncompliance product.
Pools and spas that are not in operation on December 19, do not need meet new safety standards until they intend to reopen. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. ABC News. Consumer Product Safety Commission. Archived from the original on August 13, Retrieved March 23, Find a Grave. Archived from the original on Star Tribune. Associated Press.
Minnesota Fourth Judicial District. Archived from the original PDF on WSB Atlanta. Raleigh, North Carolina. Pool and Spa News. Archived from the original PDF on October 15, Retrieved April 17, EISA Retrieved March 24, Archived from the original on April 6, Hidden categories: All articles lacking reliable references Articles lacking reliable references from January All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from January United States federal legislation articles without infoboxes.
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Certified Pool-Spa Operator Handbook: 9780975394809
Pre-Delivery Guide. We enjoy it on a daily basis so far with the weather. Recommend Sundance for anyone looking for a hot tub that has all the features, affordability and luxury needed. The Sundance Optima was our choice. My husband is 6'5" and I am 5'3" so we needed something for all sizes.
Read Here. Read Document. Spa: An artificial structure containing water no more than four 4 feet deep and a Access Document. Read More.
Virginia Graeme Baker Pool and Spa Safety Act; Incorporation by Reference of Successor Standard
This video is a quick overview on how a pool should be plumbed. Swimming pool owners know that their pool can provide years of fun and exercise opportunities. Alldirrekttickets Design - Home Inspiration Design. Gunite is a pneumatically applied concrete mixture reinforced with steel rebar.
Please note that the South Carolina Business and Law exam as well as the South Carolina Swimming Pools exam is required to be passed to obtain your contractors license. All licenses that fall under the category of General Contractor are divided in five financial categories based on net worth:. The South Carolina Swimming Pools license covers the construction, service, and repair of all commercial and institutional swimming pools and spas, including concrete, gunite, plastic, vinyl-lined, and fiberglass pools and spas; pool decks, walkways, tiling, and coping; and the installation of all equipment, including pumps, filters, and chemical feeders, water and gas service lines from the point of service to the pool equipment, wiring from the pool equipment to the first readily accessible disconnect, pool piping, fittings, backflow prevention devices, waste lines, and other integral parts of a swimming pool or spa.
Be sure to leave feedback using the 'Feedback' button on the bottom right of each page! The Public Inspection page on FederalRegister. The Public Inspection page may also include documents scheduled for later issues, at the request of the issuing agency. The President of the United States manages the operations of the Executive branch of Government through Executive orders.
The edition includes updates and additions that were provided by NSPF Instructors and industry experts throughout the past three years, since the last publication in In a rapidly evolving aquatic industry, NSPF strives to provide the latest information to industry professionals. Changes to the handbook include updated text, charts, pictures, cover art, and acknowledgments. More specific changes include:. Click here for more information.
In this, as in any class, a little bit of preparation can go a long way towards settling nerves and thwarting pre-test jitters. The pool operator course indeed delivers a tremendous amount of information in a short time 2 days , but there is no reason that a student should stress the open-book multiple-choice test heading into, or during, the class if time has been spent preparing correctly. Besides, we do not learn very well when we are unnecessarily frazzled.
Он хоть и крупный, но слабак. - Она кокетливо улыбнулась Беккеру. - Не волнуйтесь, он ни слова не понимает по-испански. Беккер нахмурился. Он вспомнил кровоподтеки на груди Танкадо.
Главный банк данных… Сьюзан отстраненно кивнула. Танкадо использовал ТРАНСТЕКСТ, чтобы запустить вирус в главный банк данных.
К человеку в моем положении часто приходят с… ну, вы понимаете. - Да, мистер Клушар, конечно, понимаю. Это цена, которую приходится платить за известность. - Действительно.
Халохот замедлил шаги. Мгновение спустя появились еще двое - тучный мужчина и рыжеволосая женщина. Они также подошли к Танкадо.
NDAKOTAARA. ANON. ORG У человека, назвавшегося Северной Дакотой, анонимные учетные данные, но Сьюзан знала, что это ненадолго. Следопыт проникнет в ARA, отыщет Северную Дакоту и сообщит истинный адрес этого человека в Интернете.
Стратмор снова вздохнул. - Тот, который тебе передал Танкадо. - Понятия не имею, о чем. - Лжец! - выкрикнула Сьюзан. - Я видела твою электронную почту.
Клуб Колдун, - повторил он, напомнив таксисту место назначения.