File Name: modern religious and secular movements in india .zip
Indian religions , sometimes also termed Dharmic religions or Indic religions , are the religions that originated in the Indian subcontinent ; namely Hinduism , Jainism , Buddhism , and Sikhism. Although Indian religions are connected through the history of India , they constitute a wide range of religious communities, and are not confined to the Indian subcontinent. Evidence attesting to prehistoric religion in the Indian subcontinent derives from scattered Mesolithic rock paintings.
- Hindu reform movements
- Modern religious movements in India.
- The modern period (from the 19th century)
The Hindu nationalists who later came to populate the Bharatiya Janata Party BJP and its various ideological affiliates have consistently harbored a starkly different view; they envision India as a majoritarian nation-state, not a multicultural one. To understand these dynamics, it is necessary to define basic concepts and review relevant history.
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Hindu reform movements
Anuradha Dingwaney Needham is Donald R. Longman Professor of English at Oberlin College. Shabnum Tejani, Sign In or Create an Account. Advanced Search. User Tools. Sign In.
Modern religious movements in India.
Religious violence in India includes acts of violence by followers of one religious group against followers and institutions of another religious group, often in the form of rioting. Despite the secular and religiously tolerant constitution of India , broad religious representation in various aspects of society including the government, the active role played by autonomous bodies such as National Human Rights Commission of India and National Commission for Minorities , and the ground-level work being done by non-governmental organisations, sporadic and sometimes serious acts of religious violence tend to occur as the root causes of religious violence often run deep in history, religious activities, and politics of India. Along with domestic organizations, international human rights organisations such as Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch publish reports  on acts of religious violence in India. From to , an average of people died every year from communal violence, or about 0. Many historians argue that religious violence in independent India is a legacy of the British policy of divide and rule during the colonial era , in which administrators pitted Hindus and Muslims against one another, a tactic that eventually culminated in the partition of India. Ancient text Ashokavadana , a part of the Divyavadana , mention a non-Buddhist in Pundravardhana drew a picture showing the Buddha bowing at the feet of Nirgrantha Jnatiputra identified with Mahavira , 24th tirthankara of Jainism.
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Modern religious and secular movements in India. Saved in: Bibliographic Details. Main Author: Zachariah, Aleyamma. Format.
The modern period (from the 19th century)
From their small coastal settlements in southern India, the Portuguese promoted Roman Catholic missionary activity and made converts, most of whom were of low caste; the majority of caste Hindus were unaffected. Small Protestant missions operated from the Danish factories of Tranquebar in Tamil Nadu and Serampore in Bengal, but they were even less influential. The British East India Company , conscious of the disadvantages of unnecessarily antagonizing its Indian subjects, excluded all Christian missionary activity from its territories. Indeed, the company continued the patronage accorded by indigenous rulers to many Hindu temples and forbade its Indian troops to embrace Christianity.
Several contemporary groups, collectively termed Hindu reform movements or Hindu revivalism , strive to introduce regeneration and reform to Hinduism , both in a religious or spiritual and in a societal sense.
Сколько времени он уже занят поиском. Открылось окно - такие же цифровые часы, как на ТРАНСТЕКСТЕ, которые должны были показывать часы и минуты работы Следопыта. Однако вместо этого Сьюзан увидела нечто совершенно иное, от чего кровь застыла в жилах. СЛЕДОПЫТ ОТКЛЮЧЕН Следопыт отключен. У нее даже перехватило дыхание.
Будьте моей женой. Она подняла голову. Глаза ее были полны слез. - Прости меня, Дэвид, - прошептала. - Я… я не могу.