Major And Minor Scales Piano Pdf

major and minor scales piano pdf

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Published: 17.05.2021

Here you can print and practice all the major and harmonic minor piano music scales with fingering. The printable scales below are organized in groups with comments, so you can learn the fingering easier. Learn more. There are 12 different pitches on the piano. You can easily see them as 7 white keys, and 5 black.

Understanding piano scales: major, minor and blues scales

The major and minor scales are an essential step in learning jazz piano. They provide a pool of notes for you to choose from when improvising and set the foundations for further modal scale study. The 12 major scales provide the foundation for further scales study. Learn these scales thoroughly so that you can play them by memory. There are 3 types of minor scale: natural minor, melodic minor and harmonic minor. Each scale has a different use and application in jazz piano.

Listen to McCoy Tyner and John Coltrane to get an understanding of the types of sounds created through improvising with pentatonic scales. The half-whole diminished scale is an 8 note symmetrical scale. If you come from a classical background you will need to work on swing feel. A mode is essentially a scale with an exotic name. We can derive 7 modes from the major scale which can be used for improvisation in major keys.

This is a supplement for the lesson on walking bass. We explore how to walk that bass in your left hand up basic triad shapes and scale fragments.

To play and improvise jazz piano, you must have a good knowledge of jazz piano scales and jazz piano modes. On this page you can find full length video lessons which cover all of the essential theory.

If you are new to jazz piano, check out the lessons on the major and minor scales. A jazz scale is a series of notes that can be used when playing jazz. There are many different types of scales that can be used for jazz improvisation. Some jazz scales are from Western European Classical music including the diatonic major and minor scales, the diminished scales and the whole tone scales. There are also many other types of scales used in jazz such as the pentatonic and blues scales, bebob scales and other modal scales.

If you are just starting out with jazz piano scale study, the first step is to learn the 12 major scales. Many of the interesting and exotic sounding modes can be derived from the major scale and so spending adequate time to memorise them will give you strong foundations for further scale study.

Whilst there is only 1 type of major scale, there are 3 types of minor scale: the natural minor scale, the melodic minor scale and the harmonic minor scale. The natural minor scale is simply the major scale played from the 6th to the 6th degree. The Melodic Minor Scale is used to create more interesting melodic possibilities when playing in minor keys.

The modes of the melodic minor scale can also be substituted into major harmony to access more exotic sounding extensions and alterations. The Melodic minor scale is only one note different to the major scale… simply flatten the 3rd of the major scale.

Understanding this relationship will help you visualise the melodic minor scale. The Harmonic Minor Scale is used to create more interesting harmonic possibilities in minor keys. When we construct a minor progression , the V chord is always built from the Harmonic Minor Scale. This ensures that the V chord is dominant in quality which creates a strong and convincing sense of resolution to the I chord. In addition to the lessons on the major and minor scales, you can also download PDFs containing the scales in all 12 keys.

Firstly download the major scale in all 12 keys PDF. By all means, use the notation to speed up the learning process but try to commit these scales to your memory as soon as possible. Also ensure that you learn the scales numerically as this will help you greatly with further scale study. An additional PDF can be downloaded which contains the 3 types of minor scale. Scales and modes are used extensively in jazz for improvisation and melodic development. Try not to look at scales as a linear set of notes as this can result in aimlessly running up and down the scale which is not very musical or creative.

The relationship between chords and scales is called chord scale theory. Every chord implies a scale, or in many cases multiple scales. This relationship is called Chord Scale Theory. As a jazz musician, you have the creative freedom to choose and select chord scales based on the type of sound you want to produce.

Modal scales are derived from the major and minor scales and are used in jazz for soloing and improvisation. Learning the major and minor modes gives you a pool of notes to improvise over any chord symbol. Memorising and understanding these formulas will allow you to quickly and easily find the 7 major modes of all 12 keys. Download the melodic minor modes cheat sheet which gives you the formulas for quickly constructing more exotic sounding chord scales.

Pentatonic scales exist in both major and minor keys and provide a good starting point for learning to improvise. Pentatonic scales are particularly useful in a modal setting when playing over 1 chord for an extended period of time.

Listen to the masters of jazz piano such as McCoy Tyner and John Coltrane to get an understanding of the types of sounds created through improvising with pentatonic scales. The scale alternates half and whole steps until the scale starts again. In this course, we will explore the groove of Brazilian music. Learn to play authentic Chicago Blues piano. We explore the chord voicings, baselines and rhythms and then we add these 3 components together to create our first Bossa Nova groove.

Expand your jazz repertoire with these simple but beautiful arrangements of the most famous and well-known jazz standards. Extended chords are one of the hallmarks of jazz piano. We explore some useful extended chords and apply the voicings to 4 jazz standards.

In this masterclass course we explore gospel chord progressions, hymns, time signatures, introductions, leading tones, holy shout music, and vocal accompaniment.

Continue your journey studying the colourful music of Brazil. A selection of well-known festive arrangements. Share these jazzy Christmas tunes with your friends and family over the holiday season. In this course we explore the use of triads for melodic creativity. This concept was taught to Jovino by his mentor Hermeto Pascoal. We examine the basic choro groove and cover 2 famous choro compositions.

We explore the core elements of improvisation such as: chord tone soloing, approach patterns, target tones and chromatic passing tones. The 3 essential components of composing music are melody, harmony, and rhythm. A good composition will contain all three of these elements. We use the minor blues progression to explore pentatonic, blues scale, and modal improvisation.

In this course, our vocal expert Lyndol Descant shares her tips, tricks, and secrets for playing singalongs over the most famous Christmas tunes. We then create upper structure triads and apply to 4 famous jazz standards. Chord substitutions allow you to add interesting variations to a common progression. Learn how to sing and play jazz standards with Lyndol Descant. Lyndol is a singing pianist, composer, and educator based in Brooklyn, NYC. In this course we explore a range of voicings for major, minor and dominant chords.

This will help you build full, solo piano arrangements. Chords and scales share an intimate relationship. All chords imply a scale, and these scales are used extensively for jazz piano improvisation. We explore slash chords, cluster voicings and upper structure triads variations to then apply these voicings to 5 well-known jazz standards. Transcription is an essential step in learning to improvise. We cover the basics of transcription and transcribe a number of improvised lines and solos.

Introductions are used to set the mood of a performance. We explore the theory and formulas and create killer intros for a number of jazz standards. Learn advanced jazz piano theory with one of NYCs finest jazz piano players. This course covers walking bass, blues and gospel inspired jazz standards. We introduce the major blues scale to add soulful licks to your arrangements. This course contains intermediate to advanced level jazz standard arrangements. These arrangements are all for solo jazz piano performance.

These lessons will prepare you for playing in a jazz band so that you know what to expect, and what is expected of you. Learn to comp and take a solo! This course covers the foundations of jazz improvisation.

Diminished Harmony is a huge area of study for jazz piano. Diminished Scales are versatile scales that are used extensively in jazz improvisation. Major Scales All 12 Keys The 12 major scales provide the foundation for further scales study. Walking Bass Lines Supplement This is a supplement for the lesson on walking bass. Beginner Intermediate Advanced. Facebook Instagram Twitter YouTube.

Piano Minor Scales

Now for the best part. You can print off each guide totally free! You can also click here to browse the complete list of guides at the bottom of this post. This guide will help you keep them straight. Click here for the printable PDF.

There are not one but three Minor scales, all presented here with keyboard diagrams, notes and fingerings. The three groups of Minor scales are:. This scale can be confusing because it is in a way identical to the Major Scale. The A Minor Scale include exactly the same notes as the C Major Scale which makes them relative keys read more about this further down the page. See also arpeggios.

Download free piano sheet music for major, minor harmonic, and minor melodic scales for all keys. Includes fingering annotation and typeset in.

Piano Minor Scales

The major and minor scales are an essential step in learning jazz piano. They provide a pool of notes for you to choose from when improvising and set the foundations for further modal scale study. The 12 major scales provide the foundation for further scales study. Learn these scales thoroughly so that you can play them by memory. There are 3 types of minor scale: natural minor, melodic minor and harmonic minor.

Practicing scales brings a host of thoughts and feelings to mind for any pianist. Have you ever found yourself struggling with keeping your fingers in line when running through your scale? A creative pedagogue, Natalie Wickam , designed a series of PDF files showing the scale fingerings for both the left and right hand as they would appear on the keyboard. Being able to physically see the finger numbers on the keyboard for each scale can prove very effective for those students who are visual learners.

Piano scales are an important part of developing your playing skills and understanding the building blocks of music. They help enormously to understand key signatures. If you have ever wondered why pianists play them, how they work and what the benefits are then you are in the right place.

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Essential Music Theory Guides (With Free Printables!)


Dallas S.


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Sennet C.


Chapter 2: Major and Minor Scales and Keys. Section M AJOR AND N ATURAL M INOR. S CALES FOR P IANO. Right hand fingerings above, left hand​.

Marphisa P.


Are you trying to learn all the major and minor scales on the piano but are slightly confused?

Jeannine L.


Each major key uses a different set of notes its major scale.



minor scale starting on any note of the piano. The scales featured in this cheatsheet are all natural minor scales, but there are other derivatives of the minor scale.